Posts Tagged ‘chilli peppers’

A guide to germinating and growing chillies

September 14, 2017

Ever wanted to grow your own chillies but thought the task is too much for you? Don’t
worry! We’ve got you covered

If you have a bit of a green thumb and a pallet that favours hotter foods, growing chillies might be for you.

Despite popular belief you can easily germinate chilli seeds and grow a chilli plant at home, and it isn’t that difficult to do. Here we’re going to give you a brief guide to growing your very own chillies. You’ll be able to spice up your life in no time.

Ornamental Chilli Medusa

Ornamental Chilli Medusa

Germinating

Most people choose to immediately plant their chilli seeds into their compost. And whilst this is fine, there are a couple of things you can do before hand to help.

One such way is to soak your chilli seeds in warm water over night.

Alternatively you could place your seeds in-between two pieces of damp kitchen roll and then into a sealed container. Place this container somewhere warm and at a constant temperature. This should help speed up the germination process.

Chilli Ancho San Luis

Chilli Ancho San Luis sweet flavoured medium heat level

Planting the seeds

The compost you use doesn’t have to be anything special – multipurpose will do the trick just fine, seed compost is better especially if you sow a lot of seeds. Try and evenly space the seeds and check them once a day. Remember, you’re trying to keep the soil from getting dry.

The key to a solid growth is to keep the temperature constant. I recommend germinating the seeds in a heated propagator and for the hot chillies a thermostatically controlled propagator.

How long will they take to germinate? Well, that depends on the plant, milder chillies are easier to germinate, hot chillies require more heat and time to germinate, it also depends on the area they’re germinated in, temperature, moisture and light, get it wrong and germination can be slow and % germinate can be low.  Aim for around 2-4 weeks for germination.

After germination

Once your chillies have to started to sprout they’re going to need light. Hopefully, on your windowsill they’ll get all the light they need. If however you don’t live in a particularly sunny area, you can purchase grow lights.

These offer the plants artificial lighting but beware! If the light is too hot it could end up damaging or even killing the seeds.

Bhut Jolokia seeds

Bhut Jolokia the Ghost Chilli, one of the worlds hottest peppers

Re-potting

As your chilli plants start to grow you may have to consider re-potting them. When removing the plants be careful not to damage any roots or seeds. Take your time. One damaged root could see the end of your beloved chilli!

Re-potting can be quite a tricky thing to do. If you put the plant in something too big, it’ll focus on growing the roots, rather than the stem. Try and re-pot when you’re seeing roots appear at the drainage holes in the bottom.

When is it ready?

When you start to see flowers appear on your plant it’s almost time for the chillies. The flowers will need pollinating. If you haven’t move the plants outside at any point, then don’t worry. You can pollinate them yourself in the greenhouse or indoors. Take a cotton bud and rub around inside each flower head. This will loosen the pollen the way a bee would.

You will eventually see the flowers drop off. Don’t panic, this just means your chillies are on the way.

Trinidad Scorpion Butch T

Trinidad Scorpion Butch T hotter than the Bhut Jolokia!

Things to remember –

  • It’s best to plant your seeds early in the year around January or February
  • It is best to germinate chilli seeds in a heated propagator and grow them on in a greenhouse
  • Chillies are usually grown as annuals in the UK. However, they are classified as ‘tender perennials’ meaning that you may be able to get a few seasons out of one plant
  • As your chillies start to sprout you may want to move them outside if you  don’t have a greenhouse. If you do want to do this, ease them in. Take them out for a few hours a day so that they can ‘harden up’ to the  elements
  • Don’t put them outside when it’s still frosty! This will quickly put an end to your chillies.
  • As with any plant, the early stage of growth leaves them open to disease

Good luck and enjoy your chillies!

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion

 

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Chilli seeds

October 4, 2016

Sow seeds early as some hot peppers can take 120+ days from transplanting to fruiting. Temp should be maintained at the indicated temp 25-30°C chilli seeds will germinate at 25C but will take longer 30C+ is the preferred temp for hot chillies Jolokia, Morich, Tepin and Habanero chillies they can also be slow and erratic to emerge

Chilli Trinidad Genghis Khan Brain

Capsicum chinense
Extremely hot rare chilli ripening from green to red, pimply skin, fruity tones and rivals the heat of many superhots, believed to be a Trinidad Scorpion cross.

Peppers Chilli Trinidad 7 Pot Katie 10 seeds

Chilli Trinidad 7 Pot Katie

Capsicum chinense
A Trinidad 7 pot / Naga cross, bred in the UK and coming in at over 1,500,000 SHU. Large pods ripen from green to dark red with a fruity flavour.

Peppers Chilli Trinidad Genghis Khan Brain 10 seeds

Chilli Trinidad Apocalypse Scorpion

C chinense
Fruity tones and rivals the heat of many superhots this chilli was developed by the Italian growing Organisation AIASP. Wrinkled skins and various shaped fruits ripen to bright red in colour.

Peppers Chilli Trinidad Apocalypse Scorpion 10 seeds

Chilli Trinidad Sepia Serpent

Capsicum chinense
A Butch T x Douglah, chocolate brown in colour and occasionally a little red in the brown. A sweet earthy flavour and heat level is extremely hot, very large pods with rough pimply skin, plants produce different shaped pods similar to other chocolate varieties.

Peppers Chilli Trinidad Sepia Serpent 10 seeds

Chilli Trinidad 7 Pot Chocolate Brain Strain

Capsicum chinense
Very hot Brainstrain chilli, Pods ripen from light green to Brown and have a fruity earthy flavour.

Peppers Chilli Trinidad 7 Pot Chocolate Brain Strain 10 seeds

 


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